April 2017

Earley - Old English 'Earnley = eagle wood'

April 2017
Issue 45


Conservation - is it working?

'Conservation' means many things to many people. The definition we are looking for can best be summed up as, Conservation (ethic) of biodiversity, environment, and natural resources, including protection and management. There are so many bodies working hard to halt the progressive destruction of so much that we hold dear, whether it be plants, animals, countryside etc., etc., etc.

Still the bad stories come: giraffes are now considered to be endangered. However, there are good stories: we can count the reappearance of the red kite locally as one, and a search of the web reveals many, but there are pitfalls. Just one example - the giant panda populations have improved enough so the panda is no longer considered endangered, and is now listed as vulnerable to extinction. Good news perhaps, but some have expressed worry that the foot may come off the pedal, and this categorization change will lessen the ability to provide protection for pandas.

treeThose who work hard locally to protect and enhance our environment often sacrifice time and energy to do so, and we owe them thanks. This includes many local organisation and volunteers. One of our articles highlights such a group, the Wokingham District Veteran Tree Association, which celebrates its tenth birthday this year.


Items of Interest

Ten Years of WDVTA

Laurel Park Community Orchard

'Buy Nothing/Earley' Project

Redhatch Copse Update

Giant Sequoia in Whiteknights cont'd

Toad Crossing

Talk on Leopards

Threats to Kennet Mouth and Thames Riverbank

Sand and Gravel Extraction, between Arborfield and Shinfield

Criminal act against Large Blue Butterfly

News from Beyond Earley

Wildlife Sightings and Garden Surveys

Forthcoming Events

Bits and Pieces


happy birthdayCongratulations to the Wokingham District Veteran Tree Association on its 10th anniversary

It was the sound of a chainsaw and the felling of a fine mature English oak in 2005 on the borders of Manor Road play area, Wokingham, that provided the impetus for the founding of WDVTA.

lime treeAfter consulting Andy Glencross, then Countryside Officer for Wokingham District Council, it was discovered that, although some important old trees were included in Tree Preservation Orders, there was no overall map of these trees. Andy and Barbara Stagles (the latter such an inspiration in pushing this project forward) agreed it would be very worthwhile to record all veteran trees within the boundaries of Wokingham Town. A grant of £10,000 was obtained, and initially the British Trust for Conservation Volunteers set up a database and provided training for a survey. Originally WDVTA focused its survey on Wokingham Town, but the aim was always to cover the wider Wokingham district, and Earley was later included.
(Photo: Lime tree, Earley - find details of it by searching tree 3386 on the interactive map.)

The WDVTA website has a wealth of information. It includes an interactive map, highly recommended, recording the trees which in January 2017 totalled 7296, with 10132 photographs. The Earley Town section shows 509 trees surveyed. The WDVTA is producing a 10th Anniversary Report, which will eventually be available on the website.

News of the Laurel Park Community Orchard

It is now just over a year since the community orchard was planted by sponsors and volunteers in Laurel Park. In general, the trees are thriving, after some redefinition of plots in the summer and the replacement in January this year of the 2 damaged trees. We were not able to obtain a direct replacement for the Beurre Hardy pear tree, so have planted a variety called Onward. The Greensleeves apple tree, damaged during the October half-term, has now been replaced by another.

The information board (rescued from the former 'Maiden Over' pub, textboxwith Tesco's permission) was broken deliberately, also during the October half-term, and several of the supporting stakes were broken: the board has been repaired and new stakes put up. This was the first indication that the orchard was becoming a target for vandalism, but fortunately no further damage has occurred since.

With the aid of an expert, some pruning of lead shoots was carried out by a small working party on 24th February, in order to encourage the growth of strong side shoots. With that done, we are looking forward to a good show of blossom later in the spring.

Jean Hackett


Buy Nothing Earley/Lower Earley

Having a clear-out but hate throwing things away? Like the idea of a sharing community? BUY NOTHING EARLEY/LOWER EARLEY is a local neighbourhood Facebook group where you give, share, lend or ask for what you want. Born out of a worldwide BUY NOTHING movement, local groups are springing up in communities all over the country. It's easy to see why. When you join you are helping someone within your community or making use of something that they no longer want. At the same time as preventing waste, you are making new friends and connections within the area, and you are living more sustainably.

A huge range of stuff gets offered on the page. Recently, there have been children's and adult's clothing, furniture and household items, a bicycle, numerous books and magazines, lighting and tools and unopened gifts.

Requests have been made for wire coat hangers for an art project, an Edwardian costume for a play, wellington boots for a child going camping, and surplus jam jars.

The BUY NOTHING EARLEY/LOWER EARLEY is for residents within the area west of the Wokingham Road, south of the University, east of Shinfield Road and north of the M4. This defined area means that participants are not travelling miles to give, collect or share. Currently there are 200 members of the group and you are invited to join by visiting the Facebook page where you'll find some simple rules and guidelines.

dress pot

facebook logoBuy Nothing Earley/Lower Earley
Left: Two examples given/received.

For more information see the Buy Nothing Project website, or click on the Facebook logo above.

Redhatch Copse update

The former Sibly Hall site was sold by the University to Persimmon Homes who have built 89 dwellings here. As part of the agreement with the Planning Authority - Wokingham Borough Council, Redhatch Copse would be transferred via Wokingham to Earley Town Council with a developer contribution for its maintenance in perpetuity.

Prior to the transfer, there was a requirement that Persimmon Homes would carry out certain works including proper pathways, a small play area, various works to trees and undergrowth, construction of fences and wildflower seeding. Earley Town Council's Amenities & Leisure Committee held in January 2017 were told that, while much of the work has been carried out, many items were still outstanding. This has further delayed the transfer of the woodland to the Town Council. The Committee were also told that it was not always easy to contact representatives of Persimmon Homes, and they have given no date for completion of the work at the time of writing this update.
Anne Booth

(Part 1 of this article in EEG December newsletter)

One of the notable trees in Earley is Tree No. 5713 (Sequoiadendron giganteum) on the interactive map on WDVTA website (see article on page 2), with a girth of 5.37m at 1.5m in 2009. Plant hunters were responsible for so many of our trees, and landscape designers were quick to make use of them for wealthy clients.

base of SequoiaIn the summer of 1853 William Lobb, born 1809 in Cornwall, was collecting plants in California for the nursery firm of Veitch and Sons, Exeter. He had been travelling in search of plants almost continuously since 1840. By luck, he attended an event in San Francisco in 1853, giving news of mammoth trees in Calaveras Grove. He left immediately for Calaveras, in north California.

He collected foliage, cones, seeds and seedling trees. He returned almost straight away to England, which suggests the importance he attached to his botanical discovery, exotic conifers becoming a mania in England.

When Veitch and Sons placed their first mammoth-tree seedlings on sale in early 1854, they sold 3,000 in one day. Each seedling sold for two guineas, a lot of money then. It was said that Big Trees were planted everywhere: on suburban lawns, on great estates and in triumphal urban avenues. William Lobb died aged 55, and was buried in a Public Plot in Lone Mountain Cemetery near San Francisco in San Francisco. Tree 5713 may not have been a seedling from Veitch, who's to say, but William Lobb and Veitch were responsible for many of the Big Trees in the UK.

(Apologies due. Photo in Dec newsletter issue was of Wellington Court, Spencers Wood, not Wellingtonia Avenue, Finchampstead.)

Some plants introduced by William Lobb

Penstemon, Fuchsia, Alstroemeria, Calceolaris, Ceanothus (blue), Coastal escallonia, Flowering berberis, Monkey Puzzle Tree

William Lobb's travels

South America
where he found
Monkey Puzzle Tree forests in Chile

Borneo, Java, India

toadToad Crossing - Take Care!
16th January: Elaine Butler and Edwin Trout gave an illuminating talk to the EEG on the assistance given to toads as each spring they make a perilous crossing to return to their ancestral pond for breeding, following the same route each year regardless of whether this means crossing busy roads. Volunteers turn out in the most cheerless time of the year, when it is dark and possibly wet, to make sure the little creatures cross the road safely. The following is volunteer Anne Booth's account of her patrol:

Toad Patrol: I help at Priest Hill, near Farley Hill, and have been out 4 times so far this year. The first time the weather was mild - 11°C with light drizzle and we moved 108 toads. The next 2 occasions there were none, but it was cold - under 5°C, but the last time the temperature was 10°C and we had 25.

Sadly we do find dead toads run over by cars, and these numbers are also counted. Priest Hill is fairly quiet with mostly locals using it, many drivers being familiar with the annual sight of yellow-clad figures with buckets and torches! Some stop, ask about toad numbers, tell us we're doing a good job (much appreciated), then drive on carefully.

Elaine Butler organises the volunteer rota and sends in the data to Froglife. By the end of the migration on March 20th this year, 666 toads had been moved: in 2016 the total was 293. Very encouraging!

A talk on leopards by Dr. Tara Pirie


20th February: That Tara has a wealth of experience on the subject of leopards was obvious from the fluent and interesting talk she gave. She led a leopard research program in South Africa on the Thaba Tholo wilderness reserve 2012-2015, where she conducted research into leopard behaviour and dynamics within the reserve as part of her PhD from Reading University. The INGWE Leopard Research program is an independent not-for-profit research organisation, operating under the auspice of the On Track Foundation (a UK-registered charitable organisation). During that time she worked with farmers, who were concerned with the predatory nature of the leopards, and with schools, educating children on conserving the animals. Tourism is very important for education and income. Leopards face many of the threats common to all big cats including habitation fragmentation, legal hunting, poaching, snaring for bush meat; 4 road deaths per year were recorded, but it became 2 when the high grass was cut. To find out more go to See Tara on one of several YouTube videos.
(Footnote: Not a leopard, but the earliest fossil remains of a wildcat were found in Berkshire. More wildcat facts in this informative document from Scottish National Heritage)

Threats to Kennet Mouth and the Thames Riverbank

Proposals for a park-and-ride (PNR) site at Broken Brow and a 'Mass Rapid Transit' (MRT) bus-way across the Kennet to provide a route to central Reading are still being debated.

The PNR has planning permission from Wokingham. Applications for funding from the Local Economic Partnership for both schemes (expected total around £25 million) may be considered in July. Local campaigners have so far been denied sight of the 'business case' documents to be presented, so have been unable to criticise them.

Reading Council have said the MRT will require an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) to accompany its planning application; their planners have said that this must cover both the MRT scheme and the PNR; must give adequate consideration to alternatives; and must cover the environmental effects fully, including noise and socio-economic effects. It is good that the two schemes will be assessed together and the scope will be wider - but the Planning Committee may still find reasons to allow the schemes.

Click here for more information.

John Booth

More possible threats:

A huge plan to excavate 3.6 million tonnes of sand and gravel from land between Arborfield and Shinfield has been submitted to Wokingham Borough Council.

CEMEX UK Operations Ltd has applied to the council for permission to carry out the work on Bridge Farm in Reading Road, Arborfield. The application proposes setting up a processing plant and a ready-mix concrete plant. Once the building work is done, the company believes the project will take around 14 years, with excavation starting in 2018. Source getReading

The rarer a creature becomes, the more its market price goes up

Large Blue butterflyA man was found guilty of killing one of Britain's rarest butterflies. He was spotted chasing Large Blues with a net at a Gloucestershire reserve. A police raid on his house found dead, mounted butterflies in about 30 trays, including two Large Blues. The Large Blue became extinct in the 1970s, and has been reintroduced to a few sites. It has a remarkable life cycle, but perhaps more of that in the next newsletter. The perpetrator was found guilty by a jury.


Led by the Woodland Trust, more than 50 organisations from across multiple sectors are standing together to call for a Charter for Trees, Woods and People.


Song ThrushMargaret: Jan 26th 'A rare visitor, a song thrush.' RSPB : Numbers are declining. Its habit of repeating song phrases distinguishes it from singing blackbirds. It likes to eat snails, which it breaks into by smashing them against a stone with a flick of the head.

Blackcap Gillian: Feb 6th 'First sighting of black cap.' RSPB : Its delightful fluting song has earned it the name 'northern nightingale'. Although primarily a summer visitor, some are increasingly spending the winter in the UK.

John: Feb 28th Sighting captured on his trail camera. 'Fox, and hedgehog - not really bothered by each other! Foxes are always here, but hedgehog has not been seen out in really cold January weather.'


Tuesday April 11th 7.30pm - 9.30 pm Grahame Hawker, Head Ranger, Earley Town Council. The Problem with Conservation, Function Room, Maiden Place Community Centre, off Kilnsea Drive. Despite a century of conservation our wildlife is still going downhill. How can this be? This talk will touch on some of the reasons for this sad state of affairs. It will be more philosophy than facts and figures to encourage audience participation'.

May A joint event with the Berkshire Mammal Group and EEG. Details to be decided. Check posters and website.


Saturday June 17th 10am A joint visit with Wokingham District Veteran Tree Assn. to Bartlett Tree Research Laboratory, Shinfield Field Unit, Cutbush Lane,University of Reading, Reading, RG2 9AF to hear Glynn Percival, an expert on diseases threatening our trees, and the latest research programmes to fight these. To book a free place, contact Kerry.

Sunday July 16th 14:00 A walk with Elaine Butler through Pearmans Copse and Nores Hill, especially looking at the veteran trees. Meet at the entrance to Pearmans Copse in Ryhill Way, Earley SU 7350 6944. Note :There is only limited on-road parking. The paths may be muddy and slippery.

Saturday August 6th 10am to 3pm GREEN FAIR , Maiden Erlegh Nature Reserve

Bits and pieces

Don't forget. We're on Facebook now!
The Earley Environmental Group now has a Facebook presence. We will be using this in addition to the main website, the Yahoo Group and the Newsletter as a way of keeping everyone up to date with our activities and to let you know about upcoming events. Members are also welcome to post news stories or any photographs relevant to the group. If you are a Facebook user, please do join up - just search for 'Earley Environmental Group' and we should pop up. Look forward to seeing you on there. Mel Orros

EASI (Earley Adopt-a-Street Initiative) would like more volunteers. Help keep your street clear of litter. Everything provided. Phone Brian Hackett on 0118 986 1115 or email

Can you offer active help to EEG? If so, phone 0118 962 0004 or go to the website. We would welcome more member involvement. If you have no expertise and would like to get involved, you may be able to give practical help. Perhaps help with distributing the newsletter hard copies, or maybe you have graphic design skills (for occasional posters, leaflets), computer skills, any other skills to offer.

Join the EEG Yahoo Group and post your sightings and messages. You’ll find a link to Yahoo on our website.

EEG committee members can be found on the EEG website, or phone 0118 962 0004

For Wildlife Survey Forms, go to the EEG website or phone Earley Town Council on 0118 986 8995

Comments or contributions to the newsletter to: the Editor or 2 Reeds Avenue, Earley, RG6 5SR. We would welcome short contributions from members to the newsletter.

If you know someone who would like to join EEG, membership forms are available from Earley Town Council, 0118 986 8995, on the website under Downloads , or send an e-mail to the Membership Secretary. Please inform Liz if you intend to change e-mail or address at 50 Kenton Rd, Earley RG6 7LG, or send her an e-mail.

Erlegh Elfins: A pre-school playgroup on Thursdays at the Interpretation Centre in Maiden Erlegh Nature Reserve will run from 10am to 11:30 am, with a focus on outdoor play and exploration of the natural environment. The children have opportunities to explore the nature reserve, and Head Ranger Grahame Hawker or members of his team are on hand to share their extensive knowledge of the habitats, creatures and work that occur within the reserve.
For more information, please email or phone Charlotte on 07771 605825. There is a limit on numbers to ensure safe play, so please make contact to give your name and details of your child. Child-minders are welcome. Adults are responsible for the children they bring with them, so a ratio of 2:1 is recommended. A charge of £1.50 per child applies.

Support your local shops and post office

Pet Fayre, 9 Maiden Lane Centre, Lower Earley
A small independent shop, now also home to the post office, with bird feeders of all kinds, a variety of bird feed, large bags of which the shop is willing to deliver locally, or pick it up in your car from the back of the shop, tel. 0118 9266512, e-mail or go on the comprehensive website

Thanks to ORACLE Corporation for reproducing our newsletter on recycled paper. Oracle is the world's second largest software company, situated at Thames Valley Business Park in Earley. Oracle UK adheres to the ISO14001 Environment Standard which confirms Oracle has considered and acted upon its environmental impact. As part of Oracle’s corporate social responsibility they support a number of local groups, including us. They have given us valuable support in reproducing the hard copies of our newsletter in colour, as well as printing posters and membership leaflets for us to distribute to libraries, schools etc. 

Contact the EEG WebMaster